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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 292-297

Interhemispheric transcallosal transforaminal approach and its variants to colloid cyst of third ventricle: Technical issues based on a single institutional experience of 297 cases

Department of Neurosurgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suresh Nair
Professor and Head, Department of Neurosurgery, SCTIMST, Trivandrum - 695 011, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.144185

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Context: Colloid cysts are benign intracranial lesions that usually involve the anterior third ventricle with varying appearance on imaging studies. The number of articles debating the origin of this tumor is surpassed by papers proposing the best modality available for its treatment Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical presentation and surgical outcome of colloid cysts surgically managed over a period of thirty-two years and evaluate the technical issues based on our experience. Study Design: This is a retrospective case series study. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective case series study on 297 consecutive patients with colloid cysts who were operated. The case records of all the patients were evaluated to record the clinical symptoms and signs, imaging findings, surgical procedure, complications and follow-up data. Results: There were 178 (60%) males and 119 (40%) females, their age ranging from 9 to 66 years with a mean age of 28 years. The mean duration of symptoms was 1.8 months. Raised intracranial pressure headache was the most common initial presenting symptom followed by visual blurring, memory disturbance and drop attacks with gait unsteadiness. The tumor was an incidental imaging finding in five patients (2%). While an interhemispheric transcallosal approach was used in 275 (92.6%) patients, it was trans-cortical in 22 (7.4%). Twenty-two patients required emergency surgery in view of worsening sensorium. Postoperative complications included memory impairment, limb weakness and seizures. Despite documented complete excision of the tumor in 6 cases, 8 patients had recurrence of tumor during follow-up. Conclusion: Colloid cysts are potential life threatening but benign lesions that can be removed safely with low morbidity and mortality through the interhemispheric transcallosal approach and its variants. The possibility for recurrence warrants, close imaging follow-up after surgery. It is essential for neurosurgeons to be familiar with the different transcallosal approaches to reach the third ventricle especially for a posteriorly situated cyst and a narrow foramen of Munro.

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