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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 348-351

Spinal epidural angiolipomas: Clinical characteristics, management and outcomes

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Neurology “Mongi Ben Hmida”, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sofiene Bouali
Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, National Institute of Neurology, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.180901

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Purpose: The spinal epidural angiolipomas are rare expansive processes made of mature lipomatous and angiomatous elements. They often have a benign character. Their etiology, pathogenesis remains uncertain, and it is a cause of spinal cord compression. The magnetic resonance imaging is the most important neuroradiological examination. Histological examination is the only examination to confirm the diagnosis. Surgery is the treatment of choice. Methods: A retrospective study of all patients operated on for a spinal epidural angiolipoma at the Department of Neurosurgery at the National Institute of Neurology of Tunis between January 2000 and December 2014 (15 years) was performed. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, radiological, histological characteristics and the treatment of this tumor. Results: A total of nine patients were operated from January 01, 2000 to November 30, 2014. The average age of our patients was 51 years with ages that ranged from 29 to 65 with a male predominance. The period between onset of symptoms and diagnosis ranged from 24 months with an average 12 months. Posterior localization of the tumor was seen in all patients. Surgical resection was performed for all cases. The postoperative course has been satisfactory, with a complete recovery of neurological functions in all patients. Conclusions: The spinal epidural angiolipomas is rare expansive process causing spinal cord compression. Treatment is exclusively surgical resection. The functional outcome of spinal epidural angiolipomas is particularly favorable with a complete neurological recovery is if the patient was quickly operated.

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