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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 372-377

Comprehension and compliance with the discharge advice and quality of life at home among the postoperative neurosurgery patients discharged from PGIMER, Chandigarh, India


1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
3 National Institute of Nursing Education, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vishal Kumar
House No. 2164 Sector 50-C, Pepsu Co-operative Society, Chandigarh - 160 047
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.144190

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Problem Statement: Neurosurgical patients require special care not only in the hospital but also after their discharge from the hospital. Comprehension and compliance to the instructions given by the doctors/nurses at the time of discharge is important in home care of these patients. Many such patients suffer from various co-morbidities. Variable periods of convalescence affect health-related quality of life in these patients. Purpose of the Study:
  • To determine the degree of compliance of neurosurgery patients and their family caregivers with the discharge advice given by the consultants
  • To evaluate the quality of life of these patients
  • To know the problems faced by these patients at home.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional interview-based descriptive study was conducted in 2010 in Chandigarh. These patients were visited at their home. A scale was evolved to evaluate comprehension and compliance to the advice given at the time of discharge, according to the criteria developed by Clark et al. Lawton Brody instrumental activity of daily life and Spitzer quality of life index were used to assess patients' quality of life after the operation. Verbatim responses were recorded for the purpose of qualitative research. Results: Overall, 58 patients and their caregivers were interviewed at home. Mean age of the patients was 38.9 years. Out of 37 patients, 35 showed good comprehension and 33 patients had a good compliance with the instructions given for medication. The condition of 74.1% patients improved after the operation. Depression was reported in 31% of the patients. Many (36.2%) patients had to quit their job due to the disease. Almost half (47.4%) of the patients were independent in daily activities of their life while being evaluated on Barthel activity of daily life index. Conclusion and Recommendations: It is in the long term that the true complexity and impact of operations become apparent. After operation, such patients are likely to have a range of physical, emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and social problems, which may result in difficulties for both patients and their family caregivers. Provision of mechanism of prioritized follow-up care to the operated bedridden neurosurgery patients should be made.


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