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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 605-612

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in normal pressure hydrocephalus and symptomatic long-standing overt ventriculomegaly


Department of Neurosurgery, Konya Numune Hospital, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Mustafa Balevi
Department of Neurosurgery, Konya Numune Hospital, Turgut Özal Cd, Yazir Mh, 42100 Konya
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_54_15

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Objectives: The aim of this study is to define the role and effectiveness for an endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in patients with seconder normal pressure hydrocephalus(SNPH), idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) and symptomatic longstanding overt ventriculomegaly (SLOVA). Materials and Methods: 3 patients with SLOVA, 3 patients with INPH and 3 patients with SNPH underwent ETV were studied retrospectively. The patients had a follow-up of 1-6 years. Preoperative CT or/and MRI of the brain was done in all cases.Tap test was done in all cases. Clinical examination finding were classified according to the by Japanese Committee for Scientific Research (JCSS) on intractable Hydrocephalus. Patients were studied to evaluate of the patency of ventriculosthomy and aqueduclus slyvius by a Cine PC MR and CSF_DRİVE T2 Sequence MRI after 1-6 years. Results: Headache, gait disturbance and pollakiuria improved in three patients with SNPH underwent ETV, but dementia didn't improve in one patient. Pollakiuria and headache improved in three patients with INPH underwent ETV but preoperative gait disturbance grade three remained unchanged in one patient. Headache improved in three patients with SLOVA underwent ETV. Preoperative gait disturbance grade 3 remained unchanged in one patient, but improved pollakiuria. We confirmed the patency of a third ventriculostomy and decreasing degrees of CSF flow into the aquaductus sylvius. Conclusions: In properly selected patients with SNPH, SLOVA and INPH who had headache ,slight gait disturbance and pollakiuria , mainly those with a short duration of symptoms, ETV may provide good results.


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