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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1165-1170

Surgical strategies for ruptured complex aneurysms using skull base technique and revascularization surgeries

Department of Neurosurgery, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Naoki Otani
Department of Neurosurgery, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8513
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_176_18

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Object: Surgical clipping of paraclinoid aneurysm, thrombosed large aneurysm, and/or vertebral-basilar dissecting aneurysms can be very difficult and has relatively high morbidity. We describe our experience using skull base and bypass technique and discuss the advantages and its pitfalls. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical charts of 22 consecutive patients with complex aneurysmal lesions underwent skull base and/or bypass techniques between March 2012 and April 2017. Results: There were 5 patients with paraclinoid or internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm underwent modified extradural temporopolar approach with mini-peeling of the dura propria with suction decompression, 3 patients with ICA aneurysm underwent intradural anterior clinoidectomy, 12 patients with vertebral dissecting aneurysm through transcondylar fossa approach (6 patients underwent occipital artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery [OA-PICA] bypass), 1 patients with vertebral artery dissection underwent superficial temporal artery-superior cerebellar artery and OA-PICA bypass through posterior transpetrosal approach, 1 patient with arteriovenous fistula at the ventral side of the craniovertebral junction through extremely far lateral approach. Surgical outcome was good recovery in 10 patients, moderate disability in 4, severe disability in 4, vegetative state in 2, and dead is 2 patients. The favorable outcome was 63.6%, and poor outcome was 36.4%, which showed poor grade subarachnoid hemorrhagic patients. No patient suffered any complication related to re-rupture and/or incomplete clipping. Conclusion: Skull base technique, which can create a wide and shallow operative space, allowed us to improve surgical outcome and to reduce the risk of intraoperative neurovascular injury for surgical treatment of deeply located complex aneurysms.

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