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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 927-929

Surgical significance of infra-optic course of A1 segment of anterior cerebral artery: Report of two cases

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Saveetha Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
H S Nandish
Department of Neurosurgery, Saveetha Medical College, Thandalam, Chennai - 600 124, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_34_19

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Anatomic variations of the anterior cerebral artery-anterior communicating artery complex (ACA-AComA) are common. An infra-optic course of the A1-ACA is extremely rare, and recognition of this variant is very important in planning surgery for ACA-AComA complex aneurysms. We present two cases of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured AComA aneurysms with unilateral infra-optic course of the A1-ACA. In both the cases, the preoperative catheter angiography revealed low bifurcation with a horizontal course of internal carotid artery. In our first case, the finding was rather unexpected; however, in our second case, we could anticipate an infra-optic course of A1-ACA. Preoperative recognition of this anomaly helps in achieving proximal vascular control with ease and confidence. It also enhances surgical safety of aneurysm clipping, by avoiding unnecessary dissection elsewhere. This emphasizes the importance of careful preoperative angiographic evaluation. In the presence of this anomaly, one should always search for other associated vascular anomalies.

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