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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1116-1121

X-ray and computed tomography scan-based morphometric analysis of skull baselines in Indian population

1 Department of Orthopaedics, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jigar Rajesh Desai
Plot No. 381/0005, Flat No. 508, Mangal Murti Apartment, Sector 12E, Bonkode, Kopar Khairane, Navi Mumbai - 400 709, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_201_19

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Introduction: The study aims at providing an overview of morphometric measurements of the skull baselines in normal Indian population and compares these dimensions with those of other races and ethnicities. This study will help in defining “normal” baseline values for Indian population. It will also compare dimensions as measured on X-ray and computed tomography (CT) scan to assess the reliability of X-ray as a diagnostic modality for the assessment of the skull baselines in Indian population. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study with a sample size of 116 patients and duration of 30 months. Results: The mean value for distance between dens tip and Chamberlain line on CT was 0.498 mm and on X-ray was 0.528 mm and for the distance between dens tip and McGregor line on CT was 0.213 mm and on X-ray was 0.228 mm. The mean distance between the dens tip and McRae line was 4.67 1.69 mm on CT scan and 4.7 1.76 mm on X-ray. Conclusion: There was not a single patient in whom the dens tip crossed the McRae line. Any protrusion of the dens tip beyond the foramen magnum is abnormal. Hence, the McRae line is easiest to understand and remember. Furthermore, the Chamberlain and McGregor lines rely on identifying the hard palate, which may not be included in routine X-ray, CT, and magnetic resonance imaging studies depend on the field of view. Hence, we recommend the use of McRae line for screening purposes while evaluating pathologies of the craniovertebral junction. X-ray is a reliable diagnostic technique for assessing morphometry of the skull baselines in an emergency or rural setting if facility for CT scan is not available.

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