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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 165-167

Surgical management of extraocular muscle cysticercosis causing optic foramen syndrome


1 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suryanarayanan Bhaskar
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_280_19

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Extraocular muscle cysticercosis usually presents with proptosis and restriction of eyeball movements. However, it can cause vision loss by compression of the optic nerve at the optic foramen in infrequent circumstances. We report a rare case with an unusual manifestation of ptosis, proptosis, lateral rectus palsy, and acute vision loss in the right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging was suggestive of cysticercal cyst. Emergency optic nerve decompression with cyst excision was done. Treatment of choice for extraocular muscle cysticercosis presenting with restriction of eyeball movements is mainly medical, consisting of albendazole and steroids. However, as this lesion rarely causes vision loss, indications of surgical decompression of optic nerve are not well defined. We recommend that early surgical management should be done along with medical treatment in cases of vision loss caused by extraocular muscle cysticercosis.


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