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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-44

Morphometry of the C2 pedicle and lamina in thai patients


Department of Surgery, Neurosurgical Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pakorn Yuwakosol
Department of Surgery, Neurosurgical Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_312_19

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Background: Traumatic upper cervical spine leads to instability and neurological deficit. At present, C2 (axis) pedicle or lamina screws for fixation are popular because further external immobilization is not needed. However, these techniques demand experience inserting the screws and carry the risk of vertebral artery or spinal cord injury. In some patients, the C2 screws cannot be inserted because of limited C2 size. Objective: To determine the width, length, height, and angle in the C2 pedicle and lamina in the Thai population. Materials and Methods: Patient data were collected from the Picture Archiving and Communication System at the Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University from January 2016 to December 2017. The C2 parameters, i.e., width, length, height, and angle of the pedicle and lamina were recorded. Results: The CT C-spine scans of 270 patients were enrolled. The mean Thai C2 pedicle dimensions were width 5.51 mm, length 23.78 mm, angle 39.04°, and height 8.64 mm. The mean C2 lamina dimensions were width 5.88 mm, length 32.17 mm, angle 49.46°, and height 12.27 mm. Twenty-four patients from the 270 patients (8.8%) had a pedicle width <3.5 mm but all patients had a lamina width ≥3.5 mm. Conclusion: In the Thai samples, 8.8% had a C2 pedicle width <3.5 mm which would not allow insertion of screws; however, they could be replaced with lamina screws since the lamina width was ≥3.5 mm. In this study, all of the patients who could not be inserted pedicle can be replaced with lamina screws inserted.


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