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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 521-526

Association of bone mineral density, Vitamin D, and serum calcium in intracranial aneurysm


Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Achal Sharma
Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_111_20

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Aims: The objective of this study is to understand the association between bone mineral density (BMD), serum calcium, and Vitamin D in s (IA) patients. Subjects and Methods: A total of 100 patients with IA diagnosed at the department of neurosurgery between January 2019 and December 2019 were reviewed and analyzed in this study. Computed tomography angiography was used to confirm and locate the site of aneurysms. BMD, serum calcium, and Vitamin D levels were measured. Statistical Analysis Used: Linear or logistic regression statistical models were applied to found the association between BMD and IA size. To confirm the statistical significance, P < 0.05 (twos-tailed) was considered as statistically significant. Results: Of the studied 100 patients, 61 patients were female and 39 were male. According to the age group, patients were divided into five categories: below 30, 31–40, 41–50, 51–60, and ≥60 years. The most common site of aneurysm observed to be the anterior communicating artery (Acom); 39.25% of the patients had Acom aneurysm followed by the middle cerebral artery (18.69%). This clearly shows that the occurrence of aneurysm is more prominent in anterior circulation as compared to posterior circulation. The results showed that there is a negative linear correlation between BMD and size of aneurysm (P = 0.00043, r =−0.12). Sex-specific analysis showed that females have lower mean BMD value as compared to males (i.e., females 0.785 ± 0.13; males 0.887 ± 0.13; P = 0.0003). We also found that the multiplicity of IAs also shows an association with BMD (i.e. mean BMD: 0.825 ± 0.14, whereas BMD of patients with multiple aneurysms was 0.747 ± 0.08; P = 0.05). Of 100 patients, 66 were observed calcium deficient (normal range: 8.8–10.2 mg/dl). The obtained mean value of calcium was 8.56 ± 0.859 standard deviation (SD), i.e., below the normal range of calcium. In the case of Vitamin D, 85% of the patients were observed Vitamin D deficient, whereas 14 patients showed Vitamin D insufficiency and merely 1 patient has Vitamin D sufficiency. The mean 25-hydroxy Vitamin D level obtained in our study was 14.57 ± 5.60 (SD), which is considered as Vitamin D deficiency. Conclusions: The size and multiplicity of IA can be associated with BMD, calcium, and Vitamin D. The results from the research provide evidence of common pathophysiology between the development of IA and these factors.


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