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The role of tranexamic acid in prevention of hemorrhage in major spinal surgeries

1 Functional Neurosurgery Research Center of Excellence, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Departement of Neurosurgery, Shohada Tajrish Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Seddighi Afsoun,
Functional Neurosurgery Research Center of Excellence, Department of Neurosurgery, Shohada Tajrish Hospital, Tajrish Square, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: Blood loss that necessitates blood transfusion is one of the most frequent complications of major spinal surgeries. This study has been designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prophylactic tranexamic acid (TA) in decreasing perioperative blood loss. Materials and Methods: From January to August 2011, all the patients who needed major spinal surgeries and aged between 18 and 60-year-old were divided into two groups randomly, the experimental group received 10 mg/kg of TA 20 min after inducing the anesthesia as loading dose followed by 0.5 mg/kg/h until skin closure and the control group received equal amounts of normal saline as placebo. Intraoperative blood loss was recorded by estimating blood with the suction tube plus the number of bloody gasses. The amounts compared between the 2 groups and analyzed. Results: Forty patients were enrolled in this study in the first group intraoperative, the 1 st and 2 nd postoperative days, the mean blood loss were 574 ml, 80.5 ml, and 669.5 ml while in the second group were 797 ml, 124 ml, and 921.5 ml. Conclusion: TA seems to be safe and can be considered in spinal surgeries with significant excepted blood loss especially in female patients and instrumental procedures. We suggest further studies on TAs efficacy and safety in larger scales.

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