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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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A study of partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide and end-tidal carbon dioxide correlation in intraoperative and postoperative period in neurosurgical patients


1 Department of Anaesthesiologym, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Medicine, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

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Pallavi Gaur,
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background and Aim: Monitoring carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is of utmost importance in neurosurgical patients. It is measured by partial pressure of arterial CO 2 (PaCO 2 ) and end-tidal CO 2 (ETCO 2 ). We aimed to study the correlation between PaCO 2 and ETCO 2 in neurosurgical patients in the intraoperative and postoperative period on mechanical ventilation in Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU). Methodology: This was prospective observational study done at tertiary care teaching public hospital over a period of 1 year. We studied 30 patients undergoing elective craniotomy intraoperatively and in the postoperative period on mechanical ventilation for 24 h. Serial measurement of ETCO 2 and PaCO 2 at baseline, hourly intraoperatively and every 6 hourly in the PACU were studied. Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 20. Results: The mean PaCO 2 -ETCO 2 gradient intraoperatively over 4 h is 3.331 ± 2.856 and postoperatively over 24 h is 2.779 ± 2.932 and lies in 95% confidence interval. There was statistically significant correlation between PaCO 2 and ETCO 2 intraoperatively baseline, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, and 4 h with Pearson's correlation coefficients of 0.799, 0.522, 0582, 0.439, and 0.547, respectively (P < 0.05). In PACU at baseline, 6 h, 12 h, 18 h, and 24 h Pearson's correlation coefficients were. 534, −0.032, 0.522, 0.242, 0.592, and 0.547, respectively, which are highly significant at three instances (P < 0.01). Conclusion: ETCO 2 correlates PaCO 2 with acceptable accuracy in neurosurgical patients in the intraoperative and postoperative period on mechanical ventilation in Intensive Care Unit. Thus, continuous and noninvasive ETCO 2 can be used as a reliable guide to estimate arterial PCO 2 during neurosurgical procedures and in PACU.


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    -  Gaur P
    -  Harde M
    -  Gujjar P
    -  Deosarkar D
    -  Bhadade R
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