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Concurrent multilevel spinal intra-medullary with extensive intracranial tuberculomas: A rare case report

 Department of Neurosurgery, Achanta Lakshmipathi Neurosurgical Centre, Voluntary Health Services, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Shyam Sundar Krishnan,
Department of Neurosurgery, Achanta Lakshmipathi Neurosurgical Centre, Voluntary Health Services, TTTI Post, Taramani, Chennai - 600 113, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Disseminated tuberculomas in the brain and spinal cord are rare. To the best of our knowledge, only nine cases of spinal intra-medullary tuberculomas with cranial involvement have been reported till date. However, involvement of all levels in the spinal cord, brain stem with pan lobar involvement of the cerebrum and cerebellum has not been reported so far. We present such a case of a 12-year-old boy with history of pulmonary tuberculosis, who presented with gradual onset of quadriparesis and generalized seizures. We have discussed the unusual clinical presentation and the temporal changes in magnetic resonance imaging features along with clinical response to treatment. In cases reported so far, the plan of surgical versus medical management has been opted for variably, in cases of spinal intra-medullary involvement with acute neurological deficit. The decision is even more difficult in multilevel spinal intra-medullary tuberculomas. Our patient showed good clinico-radiological improvement with medical management.

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