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REVIEW ARTICLE
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Current updates on idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center, Tokyo Neurological Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Banbuntane Hotokukai Hospital, Fujita Health University, Nagoya, Japan
4 Department of Neurosurgery, Velammal Hospitals, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Department of Neurosurgery, Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
6 Department of Neurosurgery, Apollo Speciality Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Boon Seng Liew,
Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Jalan Hospital, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_14_19

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is one of the neurodegenerative diseases which can be treated surgically with favorable outcome. The gait disturbance, cognitive, and urinary symptoms are known as the clinical triad of iNPH. In this review, we have addressed the comorbidities, differential diagnoses, clinical presentations, and pathology of iNPH. We have also summarized the imaging studies and clinical procedures used for the diagnosis of iNPH. The treatment modality, outcomes, and prognosis were also discussed.


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    -  Liew BS
    -  Takagi K
    -  Kato Y
    -  Duvuru S
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