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Safety and efficacy of a direct aspiration first-pass technique with large-bore catheters for acute ischemic stroke in Vietnam: Experience of a single center


1 Radiology Faculty, Bach Mai Radiology Center, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam
2 Department of Emergency, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam, Vietnam

Correspondence Address:
Vu Dang Luu,
Faculty, Bach Mai Radiology Center, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi Medical University, 01 Ton That Tung Street, Hanoi
Vietnam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_263_19

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy with a direct aspiration first-pass technique (ADAPT) using large-bore catheters in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) in a hospital in Vietnam. Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO who were diagnosed and underwent mechanical thrombectomy using ADAPT with large-bore catheters at Bach Mai Hospital from January 2017 to June 2018. Results: Seventy-three patients (47.9% female; age: 61.29 ± 14.49 years) met study criteria. The average procedure duration was 45.09 ± 38.26 min. Successful recanalization post-ADAPT (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 2b-3) was achieved in 72.6% (53/73) of patients. Good functional outcome (Modified Rankin Scale 0–2) at 3 months was achieved in 50.7% (37/73), with poor functional outcome in 24.7% (18/73). The 90-day mortality rate was 24.7% (18/73). The hemorrhagic transformation rate was 31.6%, in which 19.2% were symptomatic. Vessel perforation occurred in 5.5% (4/73) of patients but in all cases was associated with the guidewire and not the reperfusion catheter. Vessel dissection occurred in 1.4% (1/73) and vasospasm in 5.5% (4/73) of patients. Conclusion: Mechanical thrombectomy using ADAPT with large-bore catheters for acute ischemic stroke due to LVO is a method that yielded good results in recanalization and clinical recovery in a Vietnamese patient population.


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