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CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-48

Transvenous embolization in spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous fistula in childhood


1 Consultant in Neurosurgery, Angeles University Foundation Medical Center, Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University Hospital, Endovascular Section, Toyoake, AICHI, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Glenna B Mercado
Consultant in Neurosurgery, Angeles University Foundation Medical Center, Angeles City, Pampanga
Philippines
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.85637

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Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal arteriovenous communication in the cavernous sinus. Direct CCF results from a tear in the intracavernous carotid artery. Typically, it has a high flow and usually presents with oculo-orbital venous congestive features such as exophthalmos, chemosis, and sometimes oculomotor or abducens cranial nerve palsy. Indirect CCF generally occurs spontaneously with subtle signs. We report a rare case of spontaneous direct CCF in childhood who did not have the usual history of craniofacial trauma or connective tissue disorder but presented with progressive chemosis and exophthalmos of the right eye. This report aims also to describe the safety and success of transvenous embolization with coils of the superior ophthalmic vein and cavernous sinus through the inferior petrosal sinus.


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