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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-14

Protective effect on normal brain tissue during a combinational therapy of 2-deoxy-d-glucose and hypofractionated irradiation in malignant gliomas

1 Global Neuro and Spine Institute, BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Manipal Institute for Neurological Disorders, Manipal Hospital, India
3 Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Delhi, India
4 National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Neelam K Venkataramanaa
Neurosurgeon, Vice Chairman, Advanced Neuroscience Institute, BGS Global Hospital, BGS Health and Education City, No. 67, Uttarahalli Road, Kengeri, Bangalore - 560 060
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.110274

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Purpose: To investigate the effect of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), an inhibitor of glucose transport and glycolysis, on glioblastoma and the normal brain tissue during combined treatment with hypofractionated radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with malignant gliomas (18 Glioblastoma Multiformae, 2 Anasplastic Astrocytoma grade III) following surgery were treated weekly (once) with 2-DG, (250 mg/kg body weight), followed by 5 Gy of radiation to the tumor bed per fraction for 7 weeks. Clinical evaluation, complete hemogram, and random blood sugar levels were carried out in each cycle. Follow-up computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was done to evaluate radiation-induced changes. Kernofsky Performance scale (KPS) was recorded preoperatively; postoperatively, and post-therapy till the last follow-up. Results: Twenty patients were recruited for this trail; 19 of them completed the treatment and 1 discontinued. The survival period ranged between 6 and 36 months after the treatment, with a median survival of 14 months. CT and MRI revealed significant tumor necrosis. Histological evidence from the tissue during reexploration confirms the hypothesis of protective effect of 2-DG on normal brain. KPS was above 80% in majority of the patients, 6 months after the surgery. Conclusion: Radiotherapy coupled with 2-DG enhances tumor necrosis selectively and significantly while the normal brain gets relatively protected. This has been reflected in our study both clinically by preservation of quality-of-life and pathologically by retaining the integrity of normal brain architecture.

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