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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 125-131

Optimal invasive key-hole neurosurgery with a miniaturized 3D chip on the tip: Microendoscopic device


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Merheim, University of Witten-Herdecke, Cologne, Germany
2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg/Saar, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Patra Charalampaki
Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Merheim, University of Witten-Herdecke, Ostmerheimerstr 200, Cologne - 51103
Germany
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1793-5482.121681

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Objective: The goal of the performed study was to evaluate the possibility of a three-dimensional endoscope to become a combined microscope-endoscope device in one. We analyzed the ergonomy of the device, the implementation into the surgical workflow, the image quality, and the future perspectives such devices could have for the next generation of neurosurgeons. Materials and Methods: Within 6 months, 22 patients (10 male, 12 female, 20-65 age) underwent surgery in neuroaxis using the new 3D-microendoscope (ME). The new 3D-ME has (a) the ability to visualize the surgical field from out- to inside with all advantages offered by a microscope, and in the same moment, (b) its design is like a small diameter endoscope that allows stereoscopic views extracorporal, intracorporal, and panoramic "para-side" of the lesion. Results: In general, transcranial 3D-"microendoscopy" was performed in all patients with high-resolution 3D quality. No severe complications were observed intra- or postoperatively. With the addition of depth perception, the anatomic structures were well seen and observed. Conclusion: The 3D-microendoscopy is a very promising surgical concept associated with new technological developments. The surgeon is able to switch to a modern visualization instrument reaching the most optimal surgical approach without compromising safety, effectiveness, and visual information.


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