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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1123-1127

Comparative study of derangement of coagulation profile between adult and pediatric population in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: A prospective study in a tertiary care trauma center

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Artemis Agrim Institute of Neurosciences, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashish Kumar Dwivedi
Artemis Agrim Institute of Neurosciences, Gurgaon, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_16_17

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Object: Coagulopathy is a common occurrence following traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are various studies showing incidence and risk factors of coagulopathy and their correlation with poor outcome in adult as well as paediatric age groups. Exact incidence, associated risk factors, treatment guideline for coagulopathy and its impact on outcome are still lacking. In our study we compared the adults and paediatric age groups TBI patients for incidence and risk factors of coagulopathy and its impact on outcome. Methods: Prospective study of 200 patients including 152 adult patients (age > 18 years) and 48 paediatric (Age < 18 years) patients of TBI admitted in intensive care unit of trauma centre of a tertiary care centre was performed from august 2015 to march 2016. Both population were further subdivided into moderate TBI and severe TBI as per Glasgow coma score (GCS). Patient with long bone injury, chest injury and abdominal injuries, coagulation disorder, liver disease, medical disease like diabetes mellitus and hypertension were excluded from study. Coagulation profile were compared in the both groups (Adult and paediatric) and correlated with the outcome. Chi- Square test, student t test and Odds ratios were used for statistical analysis. Results: Mean age among the adult and paediatric population were 37.89 ± 11.88 years and 11.41 ± 5.90, respectively. Among the patient with moderate TBI, coagulopathy was seen in 30% patients of adult TBI whereas it was 12.5% among the paediatric TBI (P = 0.185). Among the severe TBI group coagulopathy was observed in 68.03% and 37.5% of adult and paediatric age group respectively (P = 0.0016). There was significant correlation found between midline shift and coagulopathy in the paediatric age group (P = 0.022; OR - 4.58). E. There was significant association of coagulopathy and contusion on CT scan among the adult population (P = 0.007; OR - 3.487) found whereas no such correlation were observed in paediatric population. Conclusion: Coagulopathy was significantly higher among the adult patient with severe TBI as compare to paediatric patient with severe TBI. There was no statistically significant difference in mortality among patients of both the age groups with coagulopathy.

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