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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 670-677

Superficial temporal artery: Middle cerebral artery bypass, our series of 20 cases, surgical technique and indications with illustrative cases

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Ali Ait Idir Hospital and Medical School of Algiers, Algiers University, Algeria
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurosurgery, Madras Medical College and Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Banbutane Hotkukai Hospital, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Abderrahmane Cheikh
Ali Ait Idir Teaching Hospital, Bd Abderrezak Hahad, La Casbah, Algiers
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_220_18

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The first extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery was performed by professor Yasargil in 1967 since then this procedure has been widely used in vascular neurosurgery and sometimes, in tumors excision when a vascular sacrifice is necessary. In this article, we will illustrate the surgical technique of the superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass with two cases; a 59-year-old male and 64-year-old female who presented with an occlusion of the MCA. The male presented also with a posterior communicating artery-IC aneurysm which was clipped in the same sitting. We also studied in this paper a series of 20 patients operated in Banbuntane Hotokukai Hospital, Fujita Health University, for which a low-flow STA-MCA anastomosis was done for steno-occlusive disease or moyamoya disease. In Banbuntane Hotokukai Hospital, Fujita Health University, 20 patients were operated since 2015, 12 patients were male. Five patients presented with moyamoya disease, while 15 patients presented with vascular steno-occlusive disease. The steno-occlusion was found in internal carotid artery in nine patients. The patients were divided into two categories (steno-occlusive disease and moyamoya). STA-MCA bypass is now one of the basic techniques to master in vascular neurosurgery. It requires to perform the anastomosis correctly within the permissible time. The goal is to have a long-term patency for the anastomosed vessel.

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