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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 537-544

Surgery in high-grade insular tumors: Oncological and seizure outcomes from 41 consecutive patients

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, USA
2 Department of Neurosurgery, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kuntal Kanti Das
Department of Neurosurgery, SGPGIMS, Raibareily Road, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_18_20

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Background: Insular high-grade gliomas are uncommon and constitute approximately 10% of all intracranial high-grade gliomas. Several publications in the recent years have thrown substantial light in the understanding of insular low-grade gliomas. However, there is a paucity of information concerning the spectrum of high-grade lesions affecting the insula, the mode of presentation vis-à -vis low-grade gliomas, and the survival rates to modern therapy. Aims and Objectives: We aim to highlight various clinical patterns, histo-pathological spectrum and the survival rates in patients with high-grade insular lesions. Also, we explore the factors that govern favourable outcomes. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of 41 patients operated for high-grade insular tumors at our institute between March 2010 to December 2018 was done to evaluate the clinico-radiological features, surgical nuances, survival rates and seizure outcomes. Results: Raised intracranial pressure was the most frequent clinical presentation (n=28/41, 68.3%). Nearly 60% of the patients (n=25) had involvement of all four Berger-Sanai zones. The high-grade tumors encountered in our series were: glioblastoma (n=15), gliosarcoma (n=3), and embryonal tumor, not otherwise specified in 3 patients, while 21 patients had grade 3 astrocytoma. 33 out of 41 patients (80.5%) in our study showed excellent seizure control (ILAE grade 1A) at follow-up. Clinical presentation with seizures (P = 0.01, HR=0.3), WHO grade IV histopathology (P = 0.04, HR=3.7) and development of recurrence (P = 0.05, HR=5.5) were found to be independent predictors of OS. Conclusion: Insular high-grade gliomas are commoner than thought and nearly half of these are grade IV tumors (51%). A presentation with seizures may indicate precursor low-grade gliomas and portend a better survival. A maximum “safe” surgical resection, keeping the postoperative quality of life in mind, should be the goal.

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