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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 691-694

One-stage posterior only corpectomy and fusion in the treatment of a unique acute low lumbar L4 burst fracture without neurologic deficit: A case presentation


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Orthopedic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kaveh Haddadi
Associate Professor of Neurosurgery, Spine Fellowship, Department of Neurosurgery, Orthopedic Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_115_20

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L4 and L5 fractures are different from those at the thoracolumbar area. These differences include anatomy, biomechanics, classification, and treatment possibilities. Given the accessible literature and lack of high-quality information about the management of low lumbar fractures, we describe the case of a young 26-year-old male was referred to our emergency medical center with a severe L4 vertebral body comminuted burst fracture with complete spinal canal compression (AO type 4). Incredible, all neurological functions were intact initially. The patient was cured through a one-stage posterior only vertebrectomy and fusion with preservation of all neurological functions. Clinical and radiologic follow-up was satisfactory after 2 years. In more severe lumbar injuries, decisions contain spinal decompression and stabilization through a posterior or anterior approach based on the surgeon's favorite. In our experience in this patient, a posterior approach only was used both for decompression and stabilization without routine challenging existing in anterior approaches.


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