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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 800-808

Current role of laser interstitial thermal therapy in the treatment of intracranial tumors

1 Department of Neurosurgery, The Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Department of Neurosurgery, Kentucky Neuroscience Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
2 Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Muhammad Shahzad Shamim
Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_185_20

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Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is gaining popularity in the treatment of both primary and secondary intracranial tumors. The goal of LITT is to deliver thermal energy in a predictable, controlled, and minimally invasive fashion. It can be particularly valuable in patients with recurrent tumors who, due to previous radiation or surgery, may have a potentially higher risk of wound breakdown or infection with repeat craniotomy. Deep-seated lesions that are often inaccessible through open approaches (thalamus, hypothalamus, mesial basal temporal lobe, brainstem) may also be suitable targets. The experience and data published thus far on this modality is limited but growing. This review highlights the use of LITT as a primary treatment method in a variety of intracranial tumors, as well as its application as an adjunct to established surgical techniques.

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