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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 155-158

Surgical management of pediatric cervical angular kyphosis with 540° approach and metacarpal plate: A case report and introduction of a novel technique


1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Spine Center of Excellence, Yas Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Sports Medicine Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohsen Rostami
Sports Medicine Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_195_20

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Surgical decompression, deformity correction, and instrumentation of the upper cervical spine are challenging problems in cervical kyphosis, especially in infants and pediatrics. According to patients' age, surgical exposure is difficult and selecting the appropriate instrument for rigid fixation is crucial. In this article, we present a case of 2 years old with cervical angular kyphosis, which was approached posteriorly at first. Through posterior approach, C3–C5 laminectomy with complete excision of spinous process was performed. Then, the patient's position was changed to supine and C3–C5 corpectomies were performed anteriorly with a longitudinal incision, and the thecal sac was decompressed. A titanium cage with appropriate size and graft was placed after possible deformity correction conducted with head traction and neck extension. Anterior fixation was performed with two, 2-mm T-shaped metacarpal plates with two screws in C2 and four screws in C6. The patient's position was changed to prone again, and posterior fixation was done with two metacarpal plates located on lateral masses. We showed that a novel technique in correction and fixation of cervical kyphosis in pediatric is using metacarpal plates while they are fixed to lateral masses.


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