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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56-61

Safety and effectiveness of a modified ASAP technique during mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke: Initial clinical experience

1 Neuroendovascular Therapy Center, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan
3 Neuroendovascular Therapy Center; Department of Neurosurgery, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tomotaka Ohshima
Md, Phd, 1-1 Yazakokarimata, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1195
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_503_20

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Objectives: For patients with acute ischemic stroke, various endovascular approaches have been reported with high recanalization rates and good clinical outcomes. However, the best technique for the first attempt at mechanical thrombectomy remains a matter of debate. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of a modified version of a stent-retrieving into an aspiration catheter with a proximal balloon (ASAP) technique. Materials and Methods: Modification 1: After stent deployment, the microcatheter was not removed immediately. Modification 2: After the withdrawal of the stent retriever into an aspirator and its removal from the entire system, we focused on the drainage of fluid into a pump. The aspirator was withdrawn slowly until the fluid appeared to be draining continuously into the pump. Before the removal of the aspirator, we performed angiography through the aspirator. We carried out a retrospective analysis of 30 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by occlusion of the anterior circulation who were treated with the modified ASAP technique at our institution. Results: A thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score of 2B or 3 was achieved in 29/30 patients (96.7%). The average number of passes was 1.2 ± 0.5. The mean time from puncture to recanalization was 17.6 ± 6.84 min. Twenty-three (76.7%) patients achieved a modified Rankin Scale score of 0–2 at 3 months after the procedure. Conclusions: We found that the modified ASAP technique yielded fast recanalization, minimal complications, and good clinical outcomes of mechanical thrombectomy in this case series.

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