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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 264-270

Predictors of outcome following interventions for ruptured intracranial aneurysms in an emerging health institution in West Bengal: A 6-year experience

1 Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria; Department of Neurosurgery, Medica Institute of Neurological Diseases, Medica Super Specialty Hospital, Kolkata, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Medica Institute of Neurological Diseases, Medica Super Specialty Hospital, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Enoch Ogbonnaya Uche
University of Nigeria Ituku, Ozalla Campus, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_275_20

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Background: Microsurgical clipping and endovascular coiling have remained over the past half-century, the main options for definitive treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. However, recent advances in endovascular techniques have broadened their application stimulating much debate regarding the usefulness of microsurgical options. For locations with limited capacity or evolving endovascular service, however, microsurgical treatment offers not only cost-effective and durable options but also oftentimes the only option available for most patients. Materials and Methods: This was a single institution questionnaire-based retrospective study from West Bengal India. It was performed on patients with aneurysmal rupture managed from June 2010 to October 2016. Data analysis was performed with SPSS for Windows, version 21. Results: One hundred and ten patients were studied. The mean age was 50.8 years (standard deviation [SD] ±13.5) for females and 50.2 (SD ± 12.4) for males (P = 0.8112, t-test). Ninety (81.8%) patients received microsurgical clipping. Microsurgical options such as wrapping, bypass, and excision were performed for 9 (8.2%) patients. Coiling was performed for 11 (10%) patients. ACOM was the most common site for ruptured aneurysm. Ictus-intervention interval (χ2 = 10.034, P = 0.007) and multiple surgical procedures (χ2 = 8.9341, P = 0.003) were the significant outcome determinants. Overall, 72.7% of those treated had a good outcome (Glasgow Outcome Score of 4 and 5). The good outcome was higher among microsurgery groups (73.7%) compared to the coiling group (63.6%) but this difference did not achieve statistical significance (χ2 = 0.46 P = 0.4976). Conclusion: Microsurgical options achieved good outcomes in the management of ruptured aneurysms in our series. Their availability makes them first-line options for low-income settings.

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