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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 316-320

Clinicoradiological profile and outcome of microsurgical clipping of ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms: A single-institute experience

Department of Neurosurgery, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jagminder Singh
Department of Neurosurgery, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Tagore Nagar, Ludhiana - 141 001, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_483_20

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Introduction: Prevalence of intracranial aneurysms is estimated to be from 1% to 5% of population, most of them are small and located in the anterior circulation. The real danger is when an aneurysm ruptures, leading to a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). SAH is a catastrophic event with a mortality rate of 25% to 50%. Permanent disability occurs in nearly 50% of the survivors. Fifteen percent of patients expire before reaching the hospital and 25% die within 24 h. The purpose of our study is to report the clinicoradiological data and outcome of microsurgical clipping of ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms in our center. Materials and Methods: This study included ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms admitted to tertiary care hospital in northern India from January 2018 to June 2020. The final outcome of patients was analyzed with Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) at the time of discharge from the hospital. Results: A total of 53 patients with ruptured anterior circulation aneurysm underwent microsurgical clipping comprising 25 (47.2%) males and 28 (52.8%) females. The mean neck size of all aneurysms was 3.43 ± 1.66 mm. The mean hospital stay was longer in patients having preoperative intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) (35.96 ± 27.27 days) and postoperative complications (43.36 ± 29.76 days) compared to patients who did not have IVH (21.10 ± 15.47 days) and postoperative complications (18 ± 6.54 days). P value was ≤0.05. Patients with preoperative hydrocephalus had GOS 3.44 ± 1.20 at discharge compared to nonhydrocephalus who had GOS 4.32 ± 1.07 (P = 0.009). Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH) and non-ICH had GOS 3.31 ± 1.38 and 4.28 ± 1.01, respectively (P = 0.009). Conclusion: Poor outcome at the time of discharge after the surgical treatment of anterior circulation aneurysms was associated with poor world federation of neurological surgeons grade on admission, presence of IVH, hydrocephalus, intracerebral hemorrhage, and postoperative cerebral infarcts.

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