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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 376-380

Clinical improvement of patients with endovascular treatment in the traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula

Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
M.D Galih Indra Permana
Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_246_20

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A carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) is a clinical condition when there is an abnormal communication between the internal carotid artery, external carotid artery (ECA), or any of their branches to the cavernous sinus. Traumatic CCF (TCCF) is the most common type of all CCFs. This study aims to find clinical improvement of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulas (TCCF) after endovascular treatment. We predict the degree of clinical recovery in an attempt to make the treatment of TCCF safe and effective. This study reported a series of 28 patients with TCCFs undergoing coiling and ballooning in a period of 3 years, i.e., from December 2014 to December 2017. This is a novel case report about CCF in our country, Indonesia, especially in Surabaya. We performed clinical, angiographical, and radiological assessments before and at regular time periods after the procedure until 6 months. All patients had a partial and complete occlusion of the fistula. Angiographic occlusion of fistula, visualization of the ophthalmic artery, and disappearance of bruit predicted a good clinical outcome. All patients made a recovery at different times, depending on the degree of fistulas and treatment. Improvement in clinical symptoms had a direct correlation with the degree of occlusion. Treatment was divided into coiling and ballooning depending on patient's condition and angiographic examination. Trans femoral cerebral angiography is still very important diagnostic tool in the diagnosis and treatment of TCCFs.

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